Monthly Archive July 2018


What Is CSE ?


There has been so much controversy around Comprehensive sex education that I am sure all of us have been left wondering what it even means right?




CSE Nyarwek


What is it?

Commonly known as CSE- comprehensive sex education is an instruction method based on-curriculum that aims to give students the knowledge, attitudes, skills, and values to make appropriate and healthy choices in their sexual lives. The intention is that this understanding will prevent them from contracting sexually transmitted infections in the future, including HIV and HPV.

CSE is also designed with the intention of reducing teenage and unwanted pregnancies, as well as lowering rates of domestic and sexual violence, thus contributing to a healthier society, both physically and mentally.

It’s also expected to promote sexual abstinence as the safest sexual choice for young people. However, teachers are still committed to teaching about topics connected to future sexual activity, such as age of consent, safe sex, contraception i.e. birth control, abortion, and the use of condoms.

The conversations around CSE also includes discussions which promote safe behaviors, such as communicating with partners and seeking testing for both partners. Additional discussion surrounding pregnancy outcomes like parenting, adoption, and abortion is part of the package.




  •  CSE acknowledges that people may engage in premarital sex rather than ignoring it thus allowing educators to give the students the necessary information to safely navigate their future sexual lives.
  • There is clear evidence that CSE has a positive impact on sexual and reproductive health (SRH), notably in contributing to reducing STIs, HIV and unintended pregnancy.

Sexuality education, unlike what most people believe, does not hasten sexual activity but has a positive impact on safer sexual behaviours and can delay sexual debut.

“A study in Kenya, involving more than 6,000 students who had received sexuality education led to delayed sexual initiation, and increased condom use among those who were sexually active once these students reached secondary school compared to more than 6,000 students who did not receive sexuality education.”
Wikipedia (Source unknown)

This means that CSE greatly reduced the frequency of sex and the number of partners which in turn also reduces the rates of sexually transmitted infections.

  • UNAIDS and the African Union have recognized CSE’s impact on increasing condom use, voluntary HIV testing and reducing pregnancy among adolescent girls and have included comprehensive, age-appropriate sexuality education as one of the key recommendations tofast track

    the HIV response and end the AIDS epidemic among young women and girls in Africa.

  • Also, as the field of sexuality education develops, there is an increasing need to address gender, power relationsand

    human rights in order to improve the impact on SRH outcomes thus integrating content on gender and rights which makes


    education even more effective.

  • CSE has a demonstrated impact on improving knowledge, self-esteem, changing attitudes, gender and social norms, and building self-efficacy.







  • CSE has been accused of fundamentally operating as a form of “abstinence-plus,” due to the reality that it often involves minimalbody related

    information and excessive promotions of abstinence.

  •  Also, the LGBTI community is not included.

The term “comprehensive” is also often misleading because some comprehensive programs do not show the holistic picture of human sexuality. LGBTI activists have long been critical of the ways in which comprehensive sex education generally promotes marriage as the end goal for students.

Even when curriculums claim to be inclusive of LGBT experiences, they often promote heteronormative agenda as “normal.”

Inclusion of LGBTI identities is necessary for students to feel safe and visible in their sex ed classrooms. When these students do not have an interest in marriage they are practically erased from the CSE narrative.

  • Many people regard sexual health education as a moral or religious issue,” and therefore should be taught not in schools.Most of the people who are in favor of

    abstinence onlyeducation, usually fear any type of sexual education that encourages sexual behavior at a young age.




Although CSE is seen as the complete opposite of “abstinence only” education, some people believe that they are very similar since they both aim at preventing STIs and teen pregnancy.

The only way in which they might differ is through their primary goals. Abstinence only education aims at reducing premarital sex while comprehensive sex education acknowledges that premarital sex may happen and therefore seeks to reduce the unintended consequences of premarital sex through education.

Still, this doesn’t prevent information about CSE being pushed out there. Due to knowledge gaps in most sex education curricula for adolescents, free online resources have been created to promote comprehensive, inclusive sex education for teenagers.


The question is:


© Nyar Afrika 2018.



The views and opinions expressed are those of the author and do not necessarily represent those of NYARWEK NETWORK.




Click below to access documentaries and  LGBTI stories of discrimination and survival from around the world.





Lgbt Pride Kenya

Lgbt Pride Kenya



June was pride month and for real, it was full of sass, pomp, glamour and good vibes.


Swaziland held its first ever pride festival and it was full of life!

LGBTI activists in Swaziland worked day and night so as to make history by celebrating its first ever Pride festival in the last week of June and everyone showed their support on social media by tweeting as a way of showing solidarity.

Another good news: There was a mini pride celebration by Queer refugees in Kakuma and I'm so stoked like how daring is that? How bad ass are you guys?! I'm so proud of you!


Bad news: Unfortunately, anonymous homophobes were so quick to send death threats their way but what has happened has happened. They have already made their existence known by being themselves and the struggle has just began.

Wait, that’s it?



Pride was born in 1969 when Marsha P Johnson threw the first brick at the police in the Stonewall riots. The moment that brick was thrown, our fight as Queer folks had truly began.

Still, it’s sad how there has been debates here and there on whether or not Pride is still a protest and if it's necessary.



First, until each and every member of the LGBTI community all over Africa and around the world is free to be who they are without fear of persecution or even murder, it will always be a protest. It will be always be a form of resistance. It will be a way of saying we are gays, we are here and we mean business.


Second, it’s important to celebrate milestones being achieved around the world each and every year. We have more openly LGBTI people in politics, celebrities celebrating queerness like Janelle Monae's Song Pink, LGBTI stories being told on the big screen, and some of us can get married in more countries than ever before especially in the Western world but it can be easy to get selective amnesia when we make progress.


Let's not forget that in Africa we are still being attacked, discriminated, tortured, persecuted and killed for who we love.


Some people who are openly queer may see Pride as just a party, but it's so much more for us who are still afraid of being ourselves.


We can't be open about who we are as we are faced with constant homophobia, persecution, death threats, family rejection and being held back by archaic laws that threaten our very existence as human beings and that's why we need pride.

That is why we need to hear these stories.


Not so long ago, my bubble was busted when Rafiki, a film by one Wanuri which tells the story of two lesbians finding love in Nairobi and which also happened to be the first Kenyan movie to be screened at Cannes Film Festival was banned by Ezekiel Mutua, an ardent supporter of the gays and lesbians in Kenya.


Oh it was allegedly "going to promote lesbianism" you know?

Like in the light of all this fuckedupness that is part of Kenya right now, Kisumu MCAs still had time to sit down and propose that all 'gay clinics' be closed and crackdown on all gay folks be done with immediate effect because 3000 gays in Kisumu?

Who will marry our daughters?

It's hard being queer right now as all these can make one feel so alone, alienated, abandoned and rejected and guess that's why we need pride.


We need to see people like us being themselves. We need to see people like us embracing their true selves. We need to see people like us existing and reclaiming their own spaces. We need to see people like us BEING.

I know we all attend events for different reasons, but we must never forget why we march, why we have to shout from the rooftops that being GAY is okay and there is nothing wrong with it. Some people still don’t get it and a constant reminder that we are here doesn't hurt.


Pride matters because the world is built around heterosexual privilege. A straight man can hold hands with his girlfriend without any problem while the majority of queer folks are still of walking together as a couple, let alone holding hands in public.

Pride matters because it's a movement and we all have a part to play in that.

Happy Pride Month Loves!


© Nyar Afrika 2018